In 2003, the scientific community published the human genetic map. Humans finally got their own "instructions" and invested a lot of resources to study the variation in it and its relationship with various human diseases. Today, more than a decade later, the scientific community can continue to find new information in the "instructions", especially from the parts that have always been considered "rubbish". 2% of the code - how to make it from DNA to protein At first, scientists focused almost exclusively on coding regions, which are scattered throughout the genetic map, accounting for 2 percent of the map, and contain segments called "genes.
These fragments of DNA are transcribed into company banner design RNA in the nucleus and translated into a string of amino acids in the cytoplasm. This string of amino acids will be stacked in a three-dimensional shape according to physical and chemical properties, and cells will then process it later to make it into a protein with specific functions, such as various enzymes that promote metabolism. genome_1_1 The scientific community has been focusing on the 2% coding regions that comprise genes, until recently it was discovered that the 98% noncoding regions contain infinite possibilities.
According to the analysis of bioinformatics, the human gene map contains about 20,000 genes, which can produce at least the same number of different proteins. The scientific community was a little surprised at first that such a complex human body and its metabolism actually originated from this "finite number" of genes (the initial estimate was about 100,000 or more), so they were actively studying each gene and various kinds of genes. relationship to human disease. Although scientists have benefited a lot from the human genome map, there are still many problems that cannot be explained by the base pair (A/T/C/G) arrangement of coding regions alone. Same people, different fates - the unstable effects of red wine and coffee I believe that people often see reports in various media that eating various foods or beverages can reduce the risk of heart disease. The most common ones are red wine and coffee.